Astana, Aqmola, Akmola, Tselinograd
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"capital of Kazakhstan, in central Kazakhstan on the Ishim (Esil) River. Agricultural machinery and consumer goods are manufactured; there are also leather-tanning, food-processing, clothing and footwear, and building-materials industries. The city was founded as a fortress in 1824. It was called Akmolinsk and was the capital of the former Akmolinsk region until 1961, when it was renamed Tselinograd. As capital of the Virgin Lands Territory (Tselinny Kray) agricultural project, the city experienced a tremendous growth in population. After Kazakhstan gained its independence, the city and the region were renamed (1991) Aqmola. In 1994, Aqmola was designated as the future capital of Kazakhstan, and after the capital was moved there in 1997 the city was again renamed (1998). From the Columbia Encyclopedia .
"Astana, formerly (until 1961) Akmolinsk, or (1961-92) Tselinograd, or (1992-98) Aqmola, city, capital of Kazakstan. Astana (meaning "Capital" in Kazak) lies in north-central Kazakstan along the Ishim River at the junction of the Trans-Kazakstan and South Siberian railways.
"It was founded in 1824 as a Russian military outpost and became an administrative centre in 1868. Its population had reached 33,000 when it was made an oblast (province) centre in 1939. The city's importance was greatly enhanced during the Soviet period by the government's Virgin and Idle Lands Campaign of the mid-1950s - Tselinograd was Russian for "City of the Virgin Lands" - and by the city's role as capital of a kray (region) that united the five northern oblasti of the Kazakh S.S.R. in 1960-65. There was much new construction and the establishment of various research and higher educational institutions (teacher training, agriculture, medicine, and engineering and construction)."
"The city's name was changed to Aqmola ("White Grave") in 1992 following Kazakstan's independence. In 1994 the Kazak government resolved to transfer the national capital from Almaty to Aqmola, a process completed in 1997, and the city's name was again changed the following year. Much of the population is employed by the railways. Various types of agricultural machinery are also produced." From the Encyclopaedia Britannica .
Many of the Personal websites have pictures and information about Kazakhstan.
Avveduto pictures from Astana.
Duman entertainment center; movie theater, aquarium, "jungle" attractions, bowling center, games, concert hall, nightclub, casino, hotel, and aqua park.
International Airport in Astana : information, timetables, airlines, photoalbum. In English and Russian.
World66 travel guide information and pictures.
Yahoo Group: Adopt Astana "is for people who did/will/might possibly adopt from Astana, Kazakhstan. Little recent activity.
Falling Rain has maps and current weather conditions (temperature, cloud cover and precipitation).
There is a Snapfish photo for Astana adoptive families. Contact Michelle for more information.
Visit Kazakhstan has information about the area, hotels, restaurants, etc.
Aboutkazakhstan.com : population, long list of hotels, city flag and coat of arms, map, history, and pictures.
Ersatz Guide to Astana is an expat's impressions while living in Astana.